Evidenced based orthodontics

Our practice subscribes to the concepts and philosophy of evidence based practice (evidence based orthodontics, EBO). Dr Collett has an interest in this field and has lectured nationally and internationally at orthodontic conventions on this topic. For a more complete list of scientific publications by Dr Collett, please refer to the Research section of the website.  In terms of an overall view of orthodontics, the text Contemporary Orthodontics (4th edition, 2007, editors W.R. Proffit, H.W. Fields, D.M. Sarver, Mosby Elsevier, St Louis Missouri) is highly recommended.

Evidence based practice relies on sourcing the best information as to treatment methods for the maximum chance of success. Patients are involved in the choice of treatment. By considering the scientific evidence ineffective treatments are hopefully identified and discarded in favour of those giving better results. Not all information is considered to be of equal value. An independent scientific study is given more weighting than say a single patient case report, an opinion article or company sponsored promotional material. The most reliable information comes from randomised clinical trials. This is where a group of patients with the same problem and similar characteristics are randomly assigned a particular treatment. Various treatments can be compared more accurately in this manner. More information on scientific methodology and how information is graded in terms of quality can obtained from the Cochrane Collaboration website as below in the reference list. Very good overviews of the topic are the papers by Rinchuse et al. and Huang.

Some examples of clinical trials are in the list below; the work of Tulloch et al. and O’Brien et al. being very highly regarded. They investigated the ability of orthodontic appliances to stimulate lower jaw growth in cases where the upper teeth were protruding. In these situations it is often the lower jaw that is too small. These studies found orthodontic appliances have only a very limited ability to produce extra lower jaw size that is maintained for some years after the conclusion of treatment. Other papers of interest in this area are those by Bowman, Livieratos and Johnston, and Pancherz.

TOPIC LIST:
CLASS II (AND GROWTH MODIFICATION)
CLASS III
DENTOFACIAL AESTHETICS
EXTRACTIONS
EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE
CROWDING, ROOT RESORPTION, TECHNOLOGY
RETENTION, STABILITY AND EXPANSION
FIXED APPLIANCES/SELF LIGATION
SURGERY AND TADS
CLEFT LIP AND PALATE
TMD
BIOLOGY, BONE, TOOTH MOVEMENT AND ACCELERATED MOVEMENT
SLEEP APNOEA AND AIRWAYS


CLASS II (AND GROWTH MODIFICATION)

  1. Aras, I. et al. (2016). Class II subdivision treatment with the Forus Fatigue Resistant Device vs intermaxillary elastics. Angle Orthod., October epub.
  2. Aras I. et al. (2017). Comparison of stepwise versus single-step advancement with the functional mandibular advancer in Class II division 1 treatment, Angle Orthod., 87:82-87.
  3. Burkhardt DR, McNamara JA, Baccetti T. Maxillary molar distilization or mandibular enhancement. A cephalometric comparison of comprehensive orthodontic treatment including the pendulum and Herbst appliances. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2003;123:108-16.
  4. Chen,J.Y. Analysis of efficacy of functional appliances on mandibular growth. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop.,2002:122:470-476.
  5. Collett,A.R. Current concepts on functional appliances and mandibular growth stimulation. Dental J.,2000;45:173-178.
  6. Dolce, C., McGorray, SP., Brazeau, L., King, GJ., Wheeler, TT. (2007). Timing of Class II treatment: Skeletal changes comparing 1-phase and 2-phase treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop., 132:481-489.
  7. Franchi, L. et al. (2011). Effectiveness of comprehensive fixed appliance treatment used with the Forsus fatigue resistant device in Class II patients. Angle Orthod., 81:678-683.
  8. Ghislanzoni, LT et al. (2011). Treatment and posttreatment outcomes induced by the mandibular advancement repositioning appliance. A controlled clinical study. Angle Orthod., 81:684-691.
  9. Nelson,B., Hagg, U., Hansen, K., Bendeus, M. (2007). A long-term follow up study of Class II malocclusion correction after treatment with Class II eleastics or fixed functional appliances. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop., 132:499-503.
  10. Livieratos FA, Johnston LEJr. A comparison of one-stage and two-stage nonextraction alternatives in matched Class II samples. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1995;108:118-131.
  11. O’Brien K, Wright J, Conboy F, Sanji Y, Mandall N, Chadwick S et al. Effectiveness of treatment for Class II malocclusion with the Herbst or Twin-block appliances: a randomized, controlled trial. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2003;124:128-37.
  12. O’Brien K, Wright J, Conboy F, Sanjie Y, Mandall N, Chadwick S et al. Effectiveness of early orthodontic treatment with the Twin-block appliance: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial. Part 1: Dental and skeletal effects. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2003;124:234-43.
  13. Palcha MM. et al. (2016). A comparison of the efficacy of fixed versus removable functional appliances in children with Class II malocclusion. A systematic review. Eur J Orthod.,38:621-630.
  14. Pancherz H. The nature of Class II relapse after Herbst appliance treatment: A cephalometric long-term investigation. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1991;100:220-233.
  15. Pancherz H. The effects, limitations, and long-term dentofacial adaptations to treatment with the Herbst appliance. Semin Orthod 1997;3:232-243.
  16. Pancherz,H. Treatment timing and outcome. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop.,2002:121:559.
  17. Pancherz H, Fackel U. The skeletofacial growth pattern pre- and post-dentofacial orthopaedics. A long-term study of class II malocclusions treated with the Herbst appliance. Eur J Orthod 1990;12:209-218.
  18. Proffit WR, Tulloch JFC. Preadolescent Class II problems: Treat now or wait? Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 2002;121:560-562.
  19. Siara-Olds NJ, Pangrazio-Kulbersh V et al. Long-term dentoskeletal changes with bionator, Herbst, Twin Block and MARA functional appliances. Angle Orthod 2010;80:18-29.
  20. Sunnak R et al. Is orthodontics prior to 11 years of age evidence-based. A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Dent 2015;43:477-486.
  21. Tufekci E. et al. (2016). Current trends in headgear use for the treatment of Class II malocclusions. Angle Orthod.,86:584-589.
  22. Tulloch JFC, Phillips C, Proffit WR. Benefit of early Class II treatment: Progress report of a two-phase randomized clinical trial. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1998;113:62-72.
  23. Tulloch JFC, Proffit WR, Phillips C. Influences on the outcome of early treatment for Class II malocclusion. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1997;111:533-542.
  24. Tulloch JFC, Phillips C, Koch G, Proffit WR. The effect of early intervention on skeletal pattern in Class II malocclusion: A randomized clinical trial. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1997;111:391-400.
  25. Tulloch JF, Medland W, Tuncay OC. Methods used to evaluate growth modification in Class II malocclusion. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1990;98:340-347.
  26. Tulloch JFC, Proffit WR. Phillips C. Outcomes in a 2-phase randomized clinical trial of early Class II treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2004;125:657-67.
  27. Tuncay OC, Tulloch JFC. Apparatus criticus: methods used to evaluate growth modification in Class II malocclusion. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1992;102:531-536.
  28. Turnock C and Woods, M. (2016). The Herbst Appliance and the Activator: Influence of vertical facial pattern. Aust Orthod J;32:130-138.
  29. von Bremen J. and Pancherz H. Efficiency of early and late Class II division 1 treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop.,2002:121:31-37.
  30. Wheeler TT, McGorray SP, Dolce C, King GJ. The timing of Class II treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2006;129:S66-S70.
  31. Zymperdikas VF etal. (2016), Effects of fixed functional appliances in patients with Class II malocclusion: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Orthod.,38:113-126.

CLASS III

  1. Choi YJ et al. Periodontal consequences of mandibular incisor proclination during presurgical orthodontic treatment in Class III malocclusion patients. Angle Orthod. 2015:427-433.
  2. Ngan,P. Early timely treatment of Class III malocclusion. Semin. Orthod. 2005;11:140-145.
  3. Rongo R. et al. (2017)Skeletal and dental effects of Class III orthopaedic treatment: A systemic review and meta-analysis.J Oral Rehab., 2017, February, epub.
  4. Vasilakou N, et al. (2016). Quantitative assessment of the effectiveness of Phase 1 orthodontic treatment using the American Board of Orthodontics Discrepancy Index. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop.,150:997-104

DENTOFACIAL AESTHETICS

  1. De-Marchi, LM., Pini, NIP et al. (2014). Smile attractiveness of patients treated for congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors as rated by dentists, laypersons, and the patients themselves. J Prosthet. Dent., 112:540-546.
  2. Fonesca LM., de Araujo TM. (2014). Impact of metal and ceramic fixed orthodontic appliances on judgments of beauty and other face related attributes. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop.,145:2013-206.
  3. Jesani, A., DiBiase AT. et al. (2014). Perceived changes by peer group of social impact associated with combined orthodontic-surgical correction of Class III malocclusion. J Dent., 42:1135-1142.
  4. Oh HS et al. (2009). Correlations Between Cephalometric and Photographic Measurements of Facial Attractiveness in Chinese and US Patients After Orthodontic Treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop; 136: 762.e1-762.e14
  5. Kokich, V.O. Jr, Greggory A.Kinzer, G.A. and Janakievski, J (2011) Congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors: Restorative replacement. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop;139:434-445.
  6. Qadri, S. (2016). Space closing versus space opening for bilateral missing lateral Aesthetic judgments of laypeople: A web-based survey. J Orthod., 43:137-146.
  7. Rosa, M. et al (2016). Congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors:Long term periodontal and functional evaluation after orthodontic space closure with first premolar intrusion and canine extrusion. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop.,149:339-348.
  8. Schneider, U. et al. (20160. Esthetic evaluation of implants vs canine substitution in patients with congenitally missing lateral incisors: Are there any new insights? Am J Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop.,150:416-424.
  9. Zachrisson, B.U,.,Rosa,M and Sverker Toreskog, S (2011). Congenitally missing maxillary lateral incisors: Canine substitution. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop.,139:434-445.

EXTRACTIONS

  1. Akyalcin, S. et al. (2011). Do long-term changes in relative maxillary arch width affect buccal-corridor rations in extraction and non-extraction treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop.,139:356-361.
  2. Bishara SE, Cummins DM, Jakobsen JR, Zaher AR. Dentofacial and soft tissue changes in Class II, division 1 cases treated with and without extractions. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1995;107:28-37.
  3. Bishara SE, Cummins DM, Zaher AR. Treatment and posttreatment changes in patients with Class II, division 1 malocclusion after extraction and non-extraction treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1997;111:18-27.
  4. Bokas, J., Collett, T. (2006). Effect of upper premolar extractions on the position of the upper lip. Aust Orthod. J., 22:31-37.
  5. Bowman SJ, Johnston LE Jr. The esthetic impact of extraction and nonextraction treatments on Caucasian patients. Angle Orthod 2000;70:3-10.
  6. de Almeida et al. (2009) Effects of the Pendulum Appliance, Cervical Headgear, and 2 Premolar Extractions Followed by Fixed Appliances in Patients With Class II Malocclusion. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop;136: 833-842.
  7. Counihan, D. (2005). Six keys to nonextraction treatment. J Clin. Orthod.,39:397-412.
  8. Drobocky OB, Smith RJ. Changes in facial profile during orthodontic treatment with extraction of four first premolars. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1989;95:220-230.
  9. Hu Z. et al. The effect of teeth extraction for orthodontic treatment on the upper airway. A systematic review. Sleep Breath 2015 19;441-451.
  10. Iared, W. et al. (2017). Esthetic perception of changes in facial profile resulting from orthodontic treatment with extraction of premolars. J Am. Dent. Assoc., 148:9-16.
  11. Jackson TH. Et al. (2017). Extraction frequencies at a University Orthodontic Clinic in the 21st Century: Demographic and diagnostic factors affecting the likelihood of extraction. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop.,151;456-462.
  12. Janson, G., Barros, SEC., de Freitas, MR., Henriques, JFC., Pinzan, A. (2007). Class II treatment efficiency in maxillary premolar extraction and nonextraction protocols. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop., 132:490-498.
  13. Janson, G., Brambilla, AC., Henriques, JFC., Freitas, MR., Neves, LS. (2004). Class II treatment success rate in 2- and 4- premolar extraction protocols. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop., 125:472-479.
  14. Janson, G et al. (2016). Influence of premolar extractions on long-term adult facial aesthetics and apparent age. Eur J Orthod., 38:272-280.
  15. Johnson DK, Smith RJ. Smile esthetics after orthodontic treatment with and without extraction of four first premolars. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1995;108:162-167.
  16. Keim et al. (2002). JCO study of orthodontic diagnosis and treatment procedures. Part 1. Results and trends. J Clin Orthod.,36:553-568.
  17. Larson AJ et al.(2015). Evidence suggests no relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and premolar extraction: An electronic health records review. J. Clin. Sleep Med.,11:1443-1448.
  18. Mathew, R et al. (2005). Orthodontic practices in Australasia: practice activity. Aust. Orthod. J., 21:1-10.
  19. Moseling KP, Woods MG. Lip curve changes in females with premolar extraction or nonextraction treatment. Angle Orthod 2004;74:51-62.
  20. Nelson, S et al. (2004). Disparity in orthodontic utilisation and treatment need among high school. J. Public Dent., 64:26-30.
  21. O’Connor, B.M. (1993). Contemporary trends in orthodontic practice: A national survey. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop.,103:163-170.
  22. Oh H. et al. (2017). A retrospective study of Class II mixed dentition treatment. Angle Orthod., 87:56-67.
  23. Patel, U. Cobourne, MT. (2011). Orthodontic extractions and the internet: Quality of online information available to the public. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop, 139:e103-e109.
  24. Proffit, W. (1994). Forty-Year Review of Extraction Frequencies at a University Orthodontic Clinic. Angle Orthod., 64:407-414.
  25. Rathod AB et al. Extraction versus no-treatment. Long term facial profile changes. Am J Orthod Dentofac orthop 2015;147:596-603.
  26. Rinchuse DJ, Kandasamy S. (2008). Implications of the inclination of the mandibular first molars in the extractionist versus expansionist debate. World J Orthod.,9:383-390.
  27. Saelens NA, De Smit AA. Therapeutic changes in extraction versus non-extraction orthodontic treatment. Eur J Orthod 1998;20:225-236.
  28. Shearn BN, Woods MG. An occlusal and cephalometric analysis of lower first and second premolar effects. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2000;117:351-361.
  29. Staggers JA. A comparison of results of second molar and first premolar extraction treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1990;98:430-436.
  30. Young TM, Smith RJ. Effects of orthodontics on the facial profile: a comparison of changes during non-extraction and four premolar extraction treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1993;103:452-458.

EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE

  1. Behrents RG. Iatrogenic problems associated with the clinical practice of orthodontics. In: McNamara JA, Trotman C-A, editors. Orthodontic treatment: The management of unfavourable sequelae. Volume 31. Craniofacial Growth Series. Ann Arbor; Center for Human Growth and Development; The University of Michigan; 1995. p. 1-28.
  2. Collett,T. Evidence-based orthodontics: Friend, not foe. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop.,2007:132:574-575.
  3. Collett,T. Evidence, judgment and the clinical decision. An argument for evidence-based orthodontics. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop,2008:133:190-194.
  4. Cochrane Collaboration. cochrane.org
  5. Dougherty,H.L. Science, art and mysticism. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop;1999;116:13A-15A.
  6. Frensch PA. Learning and expertise: Why people make mistakes. Orthodontic treatment: In: McNamara JA, Trotman C-A, editors. Orthodontic treatment: The management of unfavourable sequelae. Volume 31. Craniofacial Growth Series. Ann Arbor; Center for Human Growth and Development; The University of Michigan; 1995. p. 29-54.
  7. Huang GJ. Making the case for evidence-based orthodontics. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2004;125:405-406.
  8. Huang GJ. Fasten your seat belts for the bumpy ride to evidence-based practice. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2005;127:4-5.
  9. Huang GJ. Bigfoot lives? Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2006;129:323-324.
  10. Huang GJ. Evidence-based orthodontics: Things that make us nervous. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2007;131:579-80.
  11. Ismail AI, Bader JD. Practical science evidence-based dentistry in clinical practice. J Am Dental Assoc 2004;135:78-83.
  12. Kandasamy S, Rinchuse DJ, Rinchuse DJ. The wisdom behind third molar extractions. Aust Dent J, 2009;54:284-292.
  13. Papageorgiou SN et al. (2016). Bias from historical control groups used in orthodontic research: A meta-epidemiological study. Eur J Orthod., April, epu.
  14. Phillips,C. and Tulloch,J.F. The randomized clinical trial as a powerful means for understanding treatment efficacy. Semin. Orthod.,1995;1:128-138.
  15. Rinchuse,DJ, Rinchuse, DJ, Kandasamy,S and Ackerman,MB. Deconstructing evidence in orthodontics: Making sense of systematic reviews, randomized clinical trials, and meta-analyses. World J Orthod.,2008;9:167-176.
  16. Rinchuse, D.J., Sweitzer,E.M., Rinchuse,D.J. and Rinchuse,D.L. Understanding science and evidence-based decision making in orthodontics. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop, 2005;127:618-624.
  17. Sackett DL. The Science of the Art of Clinical Management. In: Vig PA, Ribbens KA, editors. Science and Clinical Judgement in Orthodontics. Monograph 19. Craniofacial Growth Series. Ann Arbor; Center for Human Growth and Development; The University of Michigan; p. 237-51.
  18. Sackett DL. Nine years later: A commentary on revisiting the Moyers symposium. In: Trotman C-A, McNamara JA, editors. Orthodontic treatment: Outcome and effectiveness. Volume 30. Craniofacial Growth Series. Ann Arbor; Center for Human Growth and Development; The University of Michigan; p. 1-19.
  19. Turpin DL. Evidence-based orthodontics. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2000;118:591-2.
  20. Turpin DL. Most of us are ethical … aren’t we? Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2007;132:567-568.
  21. Turpin DL. Consensus builds for evidence-based methods. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2004;125:1-2.
  22. Turpin, DL. (2007). The long-awaited Cochrane review of 2-phase treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop.,132:423-424.
  23. Vig PS. Reflections on the rationality of orthodontics: Toward a new paradigm. In: Vig PS, Ribbens KA, editors. Science and Clinical Judgement in Orthodontics. Monograph 19. Craniofacial Growth Series. Ann Arbor; Center for Human Growth and Development; The University of Michigan; 1986. p. 15-59.

CROWDING, ROOT RESORPTION, TECHNOLOGY

  1. Alford T. et al. (2011). Clinical outcomes for patients finished with the Sure Smile method compared with conventional fixed orthodontic therapy. Angle Orthod., 81:383-388.
  2. Buschang PH et al. (2015). Predicted and actual end-of-treatment occlusion produced with aligner therapy. Angle Orthod.,85:723-727.
  3. Dimberg L et al. (2015). Prevalence and change of malocclusions from primary to early permanent dentition: A longitudinal study. Angle Orthod.;85:728-734.
  4. Gianelly,A.A. Treatment of crowding in the mixed dentition. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop.,2002:121:569-571.
  5. Hadler-Olsen S. et al. Root resorptions relation to ectopic and normal eruption of maxillary canine teeth. – A 3D study. Acta Odontol Scand 2015; 73:609-615.
  6. Iglesias-Linares A. et al. (2017). Orthodontically induced external apical root resorption in patients treated with fixed appliances vs removable aligners. Angle Otrthod., 87:3-10.
  7. Mitchell, RB et al. (2015). The use of clinical parameters to predict obstructive sleep apnea syndrome severity in children: The childhood adenotonsillectomy (CHAT) study randomised clinical trial. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.,141:130-136.
  8. Qassem A., da Motta Martins N. et al. (2015). Long-term clinical and radiographic follow up of subluxated and intruded maxillary primary anterior teeth. Dent. Traumatol.,31:57-61.
  9. Roscoe MG et al. (2015). Association of orthodontic force and root resorption.: A systematic review. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop.;147:610-626.
  10. Veli I. et al. Mandibular asymmetry in unilateral and bilateral posterior crossbite patients using cone-beam computerised tomography. Angle Orthod., 2011;81:966-974.
  11. Vlaskalic V. et al. (1998). Etiology and sequelae of root resorption. Semin. Orthod.;4:124-131
  12. Woodhouse NR et al. Supplemental vibrational force during orthodontic alignment. A randomized trial. J Dent Res 2015;94:682-689.
  13. Woodhouse NR et al. Supplemental vibrational force does not reduce pain experience during initial alignment with fixed orthodontic appliances. A multicentre randomised clinical trial. Sci Rep., 2015:5:17724.

RETENTION, STABILITY AND EXPANSION

 

 

  1. Artun,J., Little,R.M. Stability of mandibular incisors following excessive proclination: a study in adults with surgically treated mandibular prognathism. Angle Orthod.,1989;60:99-106.
  2. Bondevik O. (2014). A longitudinal study of dental arches and occlusal changes in adults from 22 to 33, and 33 to 43 years of age. J Orofac Orthop.,76:76-89.
  3. Burke,S.P., Silbeira,A.M., Goldsmith,L.J. et al. A meta-analysis of mandibular intercanine width in treatment and postretention. Angle Orthod.,1997;68:53-60.
  4. Collett,A.R. (1998). A rationale for removable retainers. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics, 32:667-669.
  5. De La Cruz,A., Sampson,P., Little,R.M. et al. Long-term changes in arch form after orthodontic treatment and retention. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop.,1995;107:518-530.
  6. Edman Tynelius, G. et al. Five year postretention outcomes of three retention methods – A randomized controlled trial. Eur J orthod.,2015:37:345-353.
  7. Gurel HG. et al. (2010) Long-Term Effects of Rapid Maxillary Expansion Followed by Fixed Appliances. Angle Orthod; 80: 5-9.
  8. Little,R.M. Stability and relapse: Early treatment of arch length deficiency. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop.,2002:121:578-581.
  9. Mohan CN. Et al. (2016). Long-term stability of rapid palatal expansion in the mixed dentition vs the permanent dentition. Am J Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop., 149:856-862
  10. O’Rourke N. et al. (2016). Effectiveness of bonded and vacuum-formed retainers. A prospective randomized clinical trial. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop.,150:406-415.
  11. Rody WJ et al. (2016). Effects of different orthodontic protocols on the periodontal health of mandibular incisors. Orthod Craniofacial Res.,19:198-208.
  12. Seeberger R et al. (2015). One stage tooth-borne distraction versus two stage bone-borne distraction in surgically assisted maxillary expansion (SARME). Oral Surg Oral Med. Oral Pathol. Oral Radiol.;120:693-698.
  13. Strahm, C. et al. (2009) Is Bodily Advancement of the Lower Incisors Possible? Eur J Orthod; 31: 425-431.
  14. Tynelius GE., Lilja-Karlander E. et al. (2014). A cost minimization analysis of an RCT of three retention methods. Eur J Orthod.,36:436-441.

FIXED APPLIANCES/SELF LIGATION

  1. Atik, E. and Ciger,S. (2014). Assessment of Conventional and self ligating brackets in Class I maxillary constriction patients. Angle Orthod.,84:615-622,
  2. Badawi, HM., Toogood, RW., Carey, JPR. et al. (2008) Torque expression of self ligating brackets. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop., 133:721-728.
  3. Bellot-Arcis, C et al. (2015). Differences in psychological traits between lingual and labial orthodontic patients: Perfectionism, body image, and the impact of dental esthetics. Angle Orthod.,85:58-63
  4. Buck T. et al. (2011). Elastomeric-ligated vs self ligating appliances: A pilot study examining microbial colonization and white spot lesion fromation after 1 year of orthodontic treatment. Orthodontics. The art and practice of dentofacial enhancement. 12:108-121.
  5. Burrow, SJ. (2009). Friction and resistance to sliding in orthodontics: A critical review. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop.,135:442-447.
  6. de Souza, RE., de Araújo Magnani, MB., Flávio Nouer, D et al. (2008). Periodontal and microbiologic evaluation of 2 methods of archwire ligation: Ligature wires and elastomeric rings. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop.,134:506-512
  7. DiBiase, AT., Nasr, IH et al. (2011).Duration of treatment and occlusal outcome using Damon 3 self-ligated and conventional orthodontic bracket systems in extraction patients: A prospective randomized clinical trial. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac.Orthop., 139:e111-e116.
  8. Fleming, PS, DiBiase, AT,. Lee, RT. (2008). Self-ligating appliances: evolution or revolution?   Aust. Orthod. J.,24:41-49.
  9. Hamilton, R., Goonewardene,MS., Murray,K. (2008). Comparison of active self-ligating brackets and conventional pre-adjusted brackets. Aust. Orthod. J., 24:102-109.
  10. Henao, SP and Kusy, RP (2004). Evaluation of the frictional resistance of conventional and self-ligating bracket designs using standardized archwires and dental typodonts. Angle Orthod, 74:202-211.
  11. Miles PG. (2005) SmartClip versus conventional twin brackets for initial alignment: Is there a difference? Aust. Orthod. J. 21:123-127.
  12. Miles, PG. (2007). Self-ligating vs conventional twin brackets during en-masse space closure with sliding mechanics. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop.,132:223-225.
  13. Pandis,N., Nasika,M., Polychronopoulou,A., Eliades, T. (2008). External apical root resorption in patients treated with conventional and self -ligating brackets. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop.,134:646-651.
  14. O’Dwyer I. et al. A multi-centre randomised controlled trial to compare a self ligating bracket with a conventional bracket in a UK population. Part 1: Treatment efficiency. Angle Orthod., 2016;86:142-148.
  15. Pandis, N., Polychronopoulou, A., Eliades, Self-ligating vs conventional brackets in the treatment of mandibular crowding: A prospective clinical trial of treatment duration and dental effects. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop, 2007; 132:208-215.
  16. Pesce, RE., Uribe, F. et al. (2014). Evaluation of rotational control and forces generated during first-order archwire deflections: A comparison of self-ligating and conventional brackets. Eur J Orthod., 36:245-254.
  17. Rahman S et al. A multicentre randomised controlled trial to compare a self ligating bracket with a convention bracket in a UK population. Part 2: Pain perception. Angle Orthod., 2016;86:149-156.
  18. Rinchuse,D, and Miles, PG. Self-ligating brackets: Present and future. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop,2007;132:216-222.
  19. Tecco S et al. Maxillary arch width changes during orthodontic treatment with fixed self ligating and traditional straight-wire appliances. World J Orthod 2009;10:290-294.
  20. Vajaria R. et al. (2011). Evaluation of incisor position and dental transverse dimensional changes using the Damon system. Angle Orthod., 81:647-652.

SURGERY AND TADS

  1. Baherimoghaddam T et al. (2016). Assessment of changes in quality of life of patients with Class II and Class III deformities during and after orthodontic-surgical treatment. Int J Oral Maxillofac. Surg., 45:476-485
  2. Fleming PS et al. (2015). Surgical adjunctive procedures for accelerating orthodontic treatment. Cochrane Databse Syst Rev. CD010572
  3. Hashimoto T. et al. (2009). Mandibular Deviation and Canted Maxillary Occlusal Plane Treated With Miniscrews and Intraoral Vertical Ramus Osteotomy: Functional and Morphologic Changes. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop;136: 868-877.
  4. Jing W. et a. (2016). Factors affecting the clinical success rate of minscrew implants for orthodontic treatment. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants,31:835-841.
  5. Proffit,WR and White, RP. (2011). Development of surgeon-orthodontist interaction in orthognathic surgery. Semin Orthod., 17:183-185.
  6. Fleming PS et al. (2015). Surgical adjunctive procedures for accelerating orthodontic treatment. Cochrane Databse Syst Rev. CD010572

CLEFT LIP AND PALATE

  1. Daskalogiannakis et al. (2011). The Americleft Study: An intercenter study of treatment outcomes for patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate. Part 3. Analysis of craniofacial form. Cleft Palate Craniofac J., 48: 252-258
  2. Ercan E. et al. Assessment of the alveolar bone support of patients with unilateral cleft and palate. A cone-beam computed tomography study. Angle Orthod., 2015;85:1003-1008.
  3. Hathaway et al. (2011) The Americleft Study: An intercenter study of treatment outcomes for patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate. Part 2. Dental arch relationships. Cleft Palate Craniofac J., 48: 244-251.
  4. Levy-Bercowski et al. (2011). Orthognathic cleft – Surgical/orthodontic treatment. Semin. Orthod., 17:197-206.
  5. Long et al. (2011). The Americleft Study: An intercenter study of treatment outcomes for patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate. Part 1. Principles and study design. Cleft Palate Craniofac J., 48: 239-243.
  6. Mercado, A. (2011). The Americleft Study: An intercenter study of treatment outcomes for patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate. Part 4. Nasiolabial aesthetics. Cleft Palate Craniofac J., 48: 259-264.
  7. Noverraz RI et al. Transverse dental arch relationship at 9 and 12 years in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate treated with infant orthopaedics: A randomised clinical trial (Dutchcleft). Clin oral Investig., 2015;19:2255-2265.
  8. Russel,K. (2011). Long et al. (2011). The Americleft Study: An intercenter study of treatment outcomes for patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate. Part 1. Principles and study design. Cleft Palate Craniofac J., 48: 265-270.
  9. Semb,G. et al. (2011). Twenty year follow-up of 50 consecutive patients born with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate treated by the Oslo Cleft Team, Norway. Semin. Orthod., 17:207-224.
  10. Seo et al. (2011). Initial growth pattern of children with cleft before alveolar bone graft stage according to cleft type. Angle Orthod., 81:1103-1110.
  11. Susarla SM et al. (2015). Is canine eruption velocity affected by the presence of allograft within a repaired alveolar cleft? J Oral Maxillofac Surg.;73:1888-1893.
  12. Tessler AY. Et al (2011). Morphometric analysis of craniofacial features in mono- and dizygotic twins discordant for unilateral cleft lip and palate. Angle Orthod., 81:878:883.
  13. Trotman C-A., Collett,A.R., McNamara,J.A.Jr. and Cohen,S.R. (1992). Analyses of craniofacial and dental morphology in monozygotic twins discordant for cleft lip and unilateral cleft lip and palate. Angle Orthodontist, 63:135-139
  14. Uzel,A et al. (2011) Long term effects of presurgical infant orthopaedics in patients with cleft lip and palate. A systematic review. Cleft Palate Craniofac L., 48:587-595
  15. Wermker K, Jung S, et al. (2014). Dental implants in cleft lip, alveolus and palate patients: A systematic review. Int J Oral Maxillofac. Implants, 29:384-390.

TMD

  1. Al-Saleh MA et al. Changes in temporomandibular joint morphologyin Class II patients treated with fixed mandibular repositioning and evaluationed through 3D imaging: A systematic review.Orthod Craniofac Res 2105;18:185-201.
  2. Collett,A.R. and Stohler,C.S. (1994). Structured clinical decision making for orthodontic/TMD patients. Australian Orthodontic Journal. 13:188-193.
  3. Huang GJ. (2004). Occlusal Adjustment for Treating and Preventing Temporomandibular Disorders. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop., 126: 138-139.
  4. Mohlin B, Axelsson S, et al. (2007).TMD in Relation to Malocclusion and Orthodontic Treatment: A Systematic Review.   Angle Orthod., 77 (3): 542-548.
  5. Mohlin BO, Derweduwen K, et al. (2004). Malocclusion and Temporomandibular Disorder: A Comparison of Adolescents With Moderate to Severe Dysfunction With Those Without Signs and Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorder and Their Further Development to 30 Years of Age. Angle Orthod., 74: 319-327.
  6. Nagata K. et al. (2015). Efficacy of stabilisation splint therapy combined with non-splint multimodal therapy for treating RDC/TMD Axis I patients: A randomised controlled trial. J Oral Rehabil.;42:890-899.
  7. Rinchuse DJ, Kandasamy S (2009). Myths of orthodontic gnathology. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop,2009:;136:322-330.
  8. Rinchuse DJ, McMinn JT. (2006). Summary of Evidence-Based Systematic Reviews of Temporomandibular Disorders. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop.,130: 715-720.
  9. Stohler CS. (2004). Taking Stock: From Chasing Occlusal Contacts to Vulnerability Alleles. Orthod Craniofac ReS., 7: 147-161.
  10. Visscher CM and Lobbezoo F. (2015). The evolution of thinking about temporomandibular joint pain. J Am Dent Assoc.,146:926-926.

BIOLOGY, BONE, TOOTH MOVEMENT AND ACCELERATED MOVEMENT

  • Collett,A.R. and Fletcher,B. (2000). Orthodontic tooth movement after extraction of previously autotransplanted maxillary canines and ridge augmentation. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics. 118:699-704.
  • Collett, T. (2011). Long term follow up of clinical outcome of orthodontic tooth movement following extraction of previously autotransplanted maxillary canines and bone grafting: a case report. Australian Orthodontic Journal, 27:176-180.
  • Collett, T. (1998). The Biology of Tooth Movement. In. Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics. A Comprehensive Textbook. J. Fricker. Chapter 15, pp 349-376.
  • Emad B, Sherif el-M, Basma GM, Wong RW, Bendeus M, Rabie AB. Vascular endothelial growth factor augments the healing of demineralized bone matrix grafts. Int J Surg 2006;4:160-6.
  • Lei WY, Rabie AB, Wong RW. Repair of a defect following removal of an impacted maxillary canine by orthodontic tooth movement: a case report. Cases J 2010;3:62.
  • Yi J. et al. (2017). Effectiveness of adjunctive interventions for accelerating orthodontic tooth movement: A systematic review of systematic reviews. J Oral Rehab., March, epub.
  • Miles, P et al. The effects of a vibrational appliance on tooth movement and patient discomfort: a prospective randomised clinical trial. Aust Orthod J; 28:213-218.
  • Woodhouse NR et al. (2015). Supplemental vibrational force during orthodontic alignment: A randomized trial. J Dental Research 2015

SLEEP APNOEA AND AIRWAYS

  • Carvalho FR et al. (2016). Oral appliances and functional orthopaedic appliances for obstructive sleep apnoea in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 10: Oct 5.
  • Nikolopoulou M. et al. (2017). Oral appliance therapy versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: A randomised placebo-controlled trial on self-reported symptoms of common sleep disorders and sleep-related problems. J Oral Rehab., March 10, epub.
  • Pliska et al. (2016). Effect of orthodontic treatment on the upper airway volume in adults. Am Orthod Dentofac Orthop; 150:937-944.
  • Zimmerman JN. Et al. (2016). Reliability of upper pharyngeal airway assessment using dental CBCT. A systematic review. Eur J Orthod., Dec 20, epub.